CCTV News Channel's "Chaowen Tianxia" reported on the investigation of new energy vehicle fraud, and unveiled the first company to be investigated for "cheat", Jim West Bus Manufacturing Co., Ltd. ("Jimsey", Suzhou City, Jiangsu Province ").
Jim West is a "dark horse" in China's new energy vehicle market. This Chinese car brand, which is synonymous with GM's commercial vehicle brand GMC and has a Chinese name, was established in August 2013 and is not well known in the industry. According to the statistics of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, Jim West produced only 25 electric vehicles in the first half of 2015, but it exploded at the end of the year. In December, only 2,905 motor vehicle certificates were obtained, ending with 3,686 vehicles. .
Since March of this year, the State Council has taken the issue of curbing fraud as a key issue. Dong Yang, head of the expert group of the verification working group, said: "Discover together, correct it together, and it is not soft for companies that are maliciously defrauded. It should be from the announcement management, once it is discovered, stop the announcement, in fact stop it production. Qualifications. From the perspective of the Ministry of Finance, I believe that they will also have their means of punishment. In short, for this kind of thing, all government departments are very serious and will not allow such things to continue."
(1) New energy vehicles subsidize hundreds of thousands of vehicles <br style="PADDING-BOTTOM: 0px; MARGIN: 0px; PADDING-LEFT: 0px; PADDING-RIGHT: 0px; PADDING-TOP: 0px"> From 2009 At the beginning, our country has introduced a series of incentive policies to encourage the use of new energy vehicles. The biggest policy red envelope is subsidies. Since 2009, Chinaâ€™s subsidies for new energy vehicles have exceeded 15 billion yuan. Under the temptation of interest, some unscrupulous businesses have used their brains to defraud subsidies. Let's first look at how the policy subsidizes new energy vehicles.
In China's new energy vehicle subsidies, including the state subsidies and local subsidies, the local subsidies include provincial, municipal, county, district and other multi-level subsidies. The target of state subsidies is to pay directly to automobile production enterprises, local subsidies are paid to automobile production enterprises, and others are paid to users of automobile production enterprises. Taking commercial vehicles as an example, according to the national policy of 2013-2015, the subsidy standard for 6-8 meters pure electric bus is 300,000 yuan/car, and the logistics vehicle is calculated according to battery capacity. The subsidy per kWh is 2,000 yuan per vehicle. The total car subsidy does not exceed 150,000. Most of the new energy vehicle demonstration and promotion cities have a local subsidy standard of 1:1, that is, a 6-8 meter pure electric bus can receive a subsidy of up to 600,000 yuan.
(2) Ministry of Industry and Information Technology: Certificate of Blowout <br style="PADDING-BOTTOM: 0px; MARGIN: 0px; PADDING-LEFT: 0px; PADDING-RIGHT: 0px; PADDING-TOP: 0px"> Vehicle Certificate is called The birth certificate of the car. According to the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the qualified information uploaded to the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology in the last month of the year showed a spurt of growth, and the number of certificates issued by many companies in the current month exceeded the sum of the previous 11 months. What is going on?
According to the statistics of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the reporter found that in 2015, 12 monthly production accounted for more than 50% of the annual output, while 10 new energy vehicles with annual output of more than 1,000 vehicles, including Shaanxi Auto Tongjia Automobile Co., Ltd., Chongqing Lifan Passenger Vehicle Co., Ltd., Jiangsu Luzhouzhou New Energy Electric Vehicle Co., Ltd., Chery Wanda Guizhou Bus Co., Ltd., Suzhou Jim West Bus Manufacturing Co., Ltd., Guohong Automobile Co., Ltd., Jiangsu Aoxin New Energy Automobile Co., Ltd., WuhubaoéªAutomotive Manufacturing Co., Ltd., Chongqing Lifan Automobile Co., Ltd., Jinhua Youth Automobile Manufacturing Co., Ltd. Among them, Jiangsu Jim West Bus Manufacturing Co., Ltd., the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology gave data that only 25 certificates were reported in the first half of 2015, and 2,905 certificates were uploaded in just one month in December. Jim West's December production accounted for 80% of the year.
This unusual behavior of Jim West has attracted the attention of the relevant departments. Before the Spring Festival of 2016, the reporters went to Jim West to conduct on-site inspections with the relevant personnel of the four ministries and commissions such as the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology and the Ministry of Finance.
(3) Mysterious Jim West <br style="PADDING-BOTTOM: 0px; MARGIN: 0px; PADDING-LEFT: 0px; PADDING-RIGHT: 0px; PADDING-TOP: 0px"> The reporter saw it in the factory, sporadic parking There are dozens of vehicles that have just gone offline, and they have traveled all over the entire factory. The number of vehicles that can be counted is about 100. In the Jim West factory, the reporter saw that the layout of the production line and the workshop was simple, and the frame was suspended on the iron shelf for assembly. The manufacturing level was far from the modern car.
Founded in August 2013, Suzhou Jim West is not well-known in the industry. It started production in March 2015. The products are all 6 to 8 meters of pure electric commercial passenger and cargo electric vehicles. According to data from the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the number of certificate information uploaded by Jim West in March, April and May 2015 was 23, 0 and 2 respectively, followed by a three-month suspension, starting in September 2015. The certificate of 3 months of uploading was 166, 347 and 243, respectively, and 2,905 certificates were uploaded in a single month in December. Jim West's 2015 production curve ended with fireworks at the end of the year. So where are the more than 2,900 pure electric vehicles?
The working group randomly selected 3 large users for verification. According to the information provided by a user, in December 2015, they purchased 21 pure electric trucks from Jim West. However, when the working group requested to check each vehicle, the person in charge of the user was arrogant and could not clearly answer the answer to the car. Will say to go outside to operate, and later said that these cars are charging in the factory, said that to go to more than a dozen cars is not seen, can not say clearly. Coincidentally, a pure electric vehicle parked in the factory with the number of Su E1P60VD caught the attention of the working group. The car was on the check list, but the user was in the golden house and was unwilling to let the working group check. Why is this? The inspectors of the working group found that it was originally that the car did not have a frame number.
The reporter saw at the scene that the workers in the factory were marking the frame of the pure electric vehicle of the Su E1P60VD. The so-called frame number, the Chinese name is the vehicle identification code, which is the English abbreviation VIN code, which contains the manufacturer, age, model engine code and assembly location of the vehicle. According to the regulations of the relevant departments, the new car should have a VIN code before it can be licensed. The Jimmy's car was first licensed, and the VIN code was completed after completion. This order of reversed licenses is very confusing. Wang Xueping, assistant director of the China Automotive Technology and Research Center's Institute of Standardization, said in a telephone interview: "I think this phenomenon is illegal because, according to our road traffic safety law, according to the regulations governing motor vehicle production, vehicles are registered before registration. , should have a unique vehicle identification code, and should have a certificate."
Afterwards, the working group repeatedly requested to check all the new energy vehicle information of this user of Jimsey. After half a day, the responsible person still could not provide the place to leave the car. In the end, the user information of Jim West was checked clearly. There were 17 vehicles that reported the cards and could not explain where to go. Then, can the number of newly licensed new energy vehicles provided by the other two customers being verified be clearly defined? Jim West continued to play Tai Chi. After delaying a lot of time, it was impossible to check all the vehicles, and one of the users did not check it.
In the day-to-day verification of the working group, the head of Jim West Company was either very embarrassed or silent, but when the results were in front of the situation, Yang Xiâ€™s chairman of the Jim West Bus Manufacturing Co., Ltd. gave such a Explain: "The certificate is a technical problem. The following employees may be problems of experience. One model is wrong. He did not give it to me." When the reporter asked about the gap between the number of vehicles produced and the number of uploads, he Said: "The actual number of listings is 1,435, the number of sales is 2009, the data of the difference in the number of certificates submitted is more than 1,000. This is indeed that they are lazy, and we have not monitored them. This is our responsibility. It is indeed a mistake. It is."
Dong Yang, the team leader of the verification working group, clearly pointed out that it is not feasible to explain the assault upload certificate without using the work error. Jim Westâ€™s practice of first signing a license but not having a car has the suspicion of fraudulent subsidies. Enterprises false production, false report certificate, there is no production car, they report production, report sales, and even on the license, in fact, they want to take the state subsidies.
(4) The buyer and the seller jointly defraud?
The seller can't tell where the car is going, then does the buyer actually receive the car?
Gaorong Industrial, a company engaged in real estate management, according to Chen Xiao, chairman of Gaorong Industrial, they signed an agreement with Jim West in December last year to purchase 50 charging locomotives for picking up and seeing customers and commuting to employees. . Chen Xiao said that Jim West only delivered them seven or eight vehicles, and the remaining 40 vehicles were not delivered to them. In the case where only one-seventh of the order was delivered, the case where the buyer and the seller applied for the full subsidy in both directions was actually happened. Chen Xiao said that they submitted subsidy materials to the province, and the city's subsidy materials were entrusted to Jim Xi, and the subsidies in the city were directly sent to Jim West.
Investigate here, we sort out the facts that have been obtained. The automobile manufacturer Jim West has a large number of false certificates and obtained a license in the absence of a current car. A small number of vehicles will be delivered to customers such as Gaorong. Gao Rong will submit a subsidy application to Jiangsu Province. At the same time, Jim West applies for subsidies from Suzhou City. The government subsidy requirement is that only the vehicle can be delivered to the user to submit a subsidy application. Jim When Xihe Gaorong knew that there was no car, he submitted a subsidy application to the government. We gave Jim West a rough account: according to the more than 2,900 certificates submitted in December, if you can get all the government If the subsidy is subsidized, these subsidies will exceed 100 million yuan. Experts pointed out that if Jim West does not deliver vehicles with huge gaps, it will subsidize the existing materials, and the relevant departments have no reason not to grant subsidies. The loop of this fraud is closed.
Dong Yang, head of the expert group of the verification working group, said: "Between the affiliated companies, for example, enterprises that use vehicles, enterprises that purchase vehicles, and enterprises that produce and sell are mostly related, some have market relations, some have The relationship between goods, greet each other, colluding with each other to make false sales, this is a kind of behavior to defraud the state subsidies, it must be hit."
(5) Country: Severe punishment for fraudulent behaviors <br style="PADDING-BOTTOM: 0px; MARGIN: 0px; PADDING-LEFT: 0px; PADDING-RIGHT: 0px; PADDING-TOP: 0px"> In this year's two sessions At the just-concluded China Development High-Level Forum, the Minister of Industry and Information Technology, Miao Wei, twice stated that some auto companies have deceived and compensated, and the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology will severely punish them. "No matter how many vehicles are found, they must be disposed of together. These enterprises are not like anything else. They can't run. The state financial subsidies are not all in place. The money that has not been replenished must be deducted and not given to it. The money must be deducted, and it must be disposed of according to law until the qualifications of these enterprises are abolished. In the near future, after the general investigation in the country, we will announce to the media what companies have been defrauded last year. How many cars, how much, this number will be announced to the media in the first time."
The reporter was informed that since March this year, the State Council has taken measures to curb fraudulent compensation as a key issue. Dong Yang, head of the expert group of the verification working group, said: "Discover together, correct it together, and it is not soft for companies that are maliciously defrauded. It should be from the announcement management, once it is discovered, stop the announcement, in fact stop it production. Qualifications. From the perspective of the Ministry of Finance, I believe that they will also have their means of punishment. In short, for this kind of thing, all government departments are very serious and will not allow such things to continue."
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